The Role of External Stakeholders in Real Estate Development

In order to develop real estate, developers must obtain capital, which can be in the form of a loan, equity capital, or donated funds. The definition of real estate development guides the actions of the developer towards achieving the right results. Ultimately, the value of the property depends on the satisfaction of its users.


With interest rates inching higher and foreign fund flow drying up, project costs have jumped significantly in the real estate industry. Key inputs such as steel, cement and labour costs have increased by seven percent to fifteen percent. Funding costs have also risen. Recent DCR amendments in Mumbai, for example, would add 15 percent to developer costs.


Stakeholders in real estate development are people or organizations that have a direct or indirect impact on the development of the project. This includes internal and external parties. In the figure below, we see a schematic view of the types of stakeholders that are involved in a real estate development project. This paper focuses on the role of external stakeholders in real estate development. Identifying stakeholders is an essential step in the analysis process, as it gives us an idea of the power and dynamics of the environment.

Stakeholders may have different levels of influence over a project, and some may be more influential than others. The level of stakeholder power varies, depending on their ability to mobilize social forces or withdraw their resources. Stakeholders’ dynamic influence is often determined by their degree of urgency and legitimacy.

Life cycle

A building’s life cycle is an important element of evaluating a project. The first stage of the life cycle begins with an idea. The idea can be an inspiration or it can be a result of an existing land parcel. The next stage of the life cycle is the construction phase, which begins after the feasibility study is complete. After construction is completed, the building enters the Bill Bhangal exploitation stage, which is essentially the operation phase of the building. At the end of the life cycle, demolition of the building must take place. Ideally, the investment stage of a building should be brief and the exploitation stage should be as long as possible. A building’s life cycle typically spans several decades, but it can be longer or shorter.

A period of recovery follows a recession. During this time, interest rates fall, but start to increase slowly. This phase is an ideal time for investors to pounce on properties below market value. It’s also a great time to add value and wait out the recovery period until the economy shifts into expansion.


There are many challenges involved in the process of real estate development. Each developer has to meet the needs of their specific project while trying to overcome these challenges. Developers have to carefully select the site that is best suited for their project, which can be difficult if they don’t study the market well. Aside from knowing the market trends, developers must also take into account competition and environmental conditions.

While real estate development is highly lucrative, it’s not without its challenges. In order to meet the needs of diverse stakeholders, developers must orchestrate the expertise of many team members. They must also balance the needs of various constituents and the interests of the public and private sector. These challenges come with constant risks and responsibilities.


In the field of real estate development, ethics is an important element. Ethics is a broad, multifaceted concept that encompasses trust, integrity, honesty, and fairness. These values apply to many areas of the real estate development process, including mortgage financing, deal negotiation, and management of staff. They also affect the company’s strategy and enterprise strategy.

Developing ethically involves working with various government agencies and boards, environmental concerns, and redevelopment projects. It also requires knowledge and expertise in real estate. The outputs of real estate development represent real wealth and should be invested wisely.